From 4200 to 4000 BC, pottery was produced using the oldest wheel evidence. No one will ever know who created the wheel because it happened before records were preserved. Around 3500–3350 BC, the earliest wheeled vehicles appeared. Parts of Asia and Europe immediately adopted the invention. Sleds were previously used to transport big, heavy goods over terrain. The development of roads and the taming of horses were crucial factors in the spread of the wheel as a mode of transportation.
No one will ever be able to determine who created the wheel or even which tribe had the idea because it was created before records were kept. The wheel was possibly independently created in China around 2800 BC, but it is generally accepted that the ancient Mesopotamians created it sometime between 4200 and 4000 BC.
The original wheels, also referred to as “tournettes” or “slow wheels,” were actually potter’s wheels and were not intended for use in transportation. According to one archaeologist, there is proof of a play stone “vehicle” that dates to around 5500. The original publication has been removed, and the evidence supporting this date is still ambiguous.
The earliest wheeled vehicles started to appear in regions of Asia and Europe approximately 3500-3350 BCE. Nobody is entirely certain if the new technology was simultaneously created or quickly adopted. We will never be certain of the name of the first person to employ the wheel for transportation because, once more, records were not kept.
It is almost certain that the earliest wheels were four wheels. The Bronocice pot, a Neolithic artefact discovered in a Polish village, contains the earliest known representations of wheeled vehicles. In Uruk, Iraq, many clay tablets dating from 3,635–3,370 BC were discovered. Both depict four-wheeled vehicles that date to between 3300 and 3100 BC. Near Kiel, Germany, a set of parallel tracks that date to between 3420 and 3385 BC were discovered. Archaeologists think that the traces came from a wheeled vehicle rather than a sled because they are “wobbly.” Vehicles with two wheels developed a little later. The earliest image, which dates to between 3402 and 2800 BC, was discovered in a grave gallery in Lohne-Engelshecke, Germany.
Despite the fact that to us modern apes, the idea may appear incredibly easy. The wheel is an entirely human invention; it does not appear in any part of nature. The development of roads and the domestication of large animals capable of pulling wheeled vehicles, such as horses, were important factors in the development of the wheel. Native Americans in North America utilised wheels to make games like animals with wheeled legs as early as 1500 BCE. However, until European settlers arrived, the wheel was not frequently utilised for transportation. This can be explained by the fact that until this moment in American history, there were no tamed animals capable of carrying heavy loads. Outside of the north-eastern part of Africa, the wheel was hardly ever utilised. The wheel was quickly adopted by Egypt. Wheels were used by the Nubians as water wheels and for spinning pottery as early as 400 BCE.
NAME: KHUSHI. S. KESWANI
UNIVERSITY: GUJARAT UNIVERSITY